It often confuses new writers as to when to italicize words and when not to. This is natural because there are no set rules for this and much depends on the writer’s own discretion. However, there are certain guidelines that tell you what needs to be italicized. Here they are:
1. Emphasis. When you want to put an emphasis, or want a word or phrase to stand out from the rest. For example:
You mean to say you wrote this?
Do not write on the wall.
2. Words as separate words. When words in a sentence are used as separate words. For example:
Don’t forget to italicize the word hope.
Committee is a word that is often misspelled.
3. Letters as words. When letters of the alphabet are used as words in a sentence. For example:
Put an X on the spot that needs to be fixed.
Don’t forget to cross your t’s.
4. Reproduced sounds as words. Sometimes sounds are reproduced to bring effect to the writing. For example:
Thud, the parcel fell on the ground.
Bzzzzzz … the bee buzzed.
5. Foreign words. Foreign words and phrases that are unfamiliar to most readers. For example:
The lawyer says it’s a prima facie case.
“Namaste,” the Indian man folded his hands in greeting.
6. Titles. Titles of books, plays, magazines, newspapers, movies, television shows etc. (Holy Books like the Bible, Koran, and others are not italicized.) For example:
Seinfeld is a popular TV program.
He reads the New York Times every morning.
7. Names of vehicles. Names of spaceships, boats, trains etc. that are proper names. For example:
The Titanic sank after hitting an iceberg.
The Orient Express is a fast train.
Keep these points in mind and you will know when to italicize words. If you’re still in doubt, just use standard font.
I hope this has been of help to you. If not, what else would you like to know about italics?